The President of Uganda is recognized as the Head of the State as well as head
of the government under the framework of a presidential republic. The President
of Uganda is elected by popular vote to a five-year term. The administrative
setup involves a pluriform multi-party system headed by the President himself.
The executive power, however, is invested with the government and legislative
power lies with both the government and the national assembly with the system
functioning as a parliamentary democracy on the whole.
The office of the President of Uganda was originally instituted in 1962 by British as colonial rulers of the state. The position of the President of Uganda was first held by Sir Frederick Edward Muteesa II from 1962 to 1966. At this point of time most of the powers to make major decisions were invested with the Prime Minister of the State. However, after Milton Obote assumed the office of the President of Uganda in 1966, the Ugandan constitution was suspended and he became both the president and prime minister of the state. This change transformed office of the President of Uganda into the most powerful position in the state.
A list of the Presidents of Uganda with their respective term is given below:
• Sir Frederick Edward Muteesa II (9 October 1962 - 2 March 1966)
• Milton Obote (15 April 1966 - 25 January 1971)
• Field Marshal Idi Amin Dada (25 January 1971 - 13 April 1979)
• Prof. Yusuf Kironde Lule (13 April 1979 - 20 June 1979)
• Godfrey Lukongwa Binaisa (20 June 1979 - 11 May 1980)
• Paulo Muwanga (12 May 1980 - 17 December 1980)
• Milton Obote (17 December 1980 - 27 July 1985)
• Gen. Tito Okello (29 July 1985 - 26 January 1986)
• H.E. Yoweri Kaguta Museveni (26 January 1986 - Present)